Gyokko Ryu’s Internal Power Training

There is no doubt in my mind that Hatsumi Sensei possesses unusual power in his budo.  Anyone who has trained with him can tell you that!  But what is it and where does it come from?  More importantly, how can YOU develop it as well?

Soke’s martial movement displays many of the characteristics associated with Internal Power training: ghostly movement, immovability (static and dynamic), shockingly powerful strikes with little windup, adhesion caused by movement, kuzushi on contact, and others.

The real question is whether his martial movement power is driven by true internal training or simply sublime, highly skilled Taijutsu (not that there’s anything wrong with that!).

Hatsumi gyokko ryu

Esoteric Training

It is my contention that there exists a powerful method of esoteric training within the Bujinkan arts that is meant to be used to condition the body to create Internal Power.  Since Gyokko Ryu comes from China and is known as the oldest and most foundational of our 9 schools, it seems the logical place to begin.

“In connection with the budo of Gyokko-ryu Koppo jutsu, during the instruction from Toda Shinryuken Sensei, I was finally taught that Gyokko-ryu Kosshi jutsu kihon gata gave rise to the Koto-ryu and is the root from which many other Budo techniques developed.” – Takamatsu Sensei

The Asian arts share many common training methods that originated in India and crossed over to China, then Japan, which have been used for centuries and are known to create internal power and aiki.  All are based on yin-yang (or in-yo) theory – the union of opposites.  By creating opposing forces within the body (up/down, left/right, front/back) through the use of intent we begin to increase the mind-body connection to a remarkable degree.  Through the solo training exercises we condition and strengthen the entire fascia network, as well as tendons and ligaments, throughout the body.  This process serves to create a highly stable and connected body through the center so that when ‘one thing move, everything moves’.

This type of body conditioning changes the way outside forces act on the body.  The structure becomes dynamically stable so that applied force can either be distributed throughout the chain and dissipated or, at a higher level, simply reflected right back onto the opponent.  When force is reflected back this is what is known in Japanese as Yamabiko, or Mountain Echo.

Hidden in the Gyokko Ryu Densho

Throughout his vast amount of written and video resources, Hatsumi Sensei has gradually released a large amount of material from the densho of the various Bujinkan schools.  In the book, Unarmed Fighting Techniques of the Samurai for example, he shares many of the kamae, kata, and strategies from 6 of the 9 schools.

What I have done is pull out a few references from the Gyokko Ryu kamae that specifically discuss known concepts of internal power training.  Below are just a few of them, there are others.

[The information from Gyokko Ryu below has been culled from many different resources over the years, both written and video, including my own notes, training, and personal conversations.]

 Ten Ryaku Uchu Gassho

“All of the elements from the right and the left combine in this kamae.”  This is classic yin-yang theory uniting the opposites, which is the basis of all internal power training.

hatsumi ten ryaku

“Ten Ryaku Uchu puts you into a beam of energy coming from the sky.”  Ten (heaven) is the force of gravity coming down.  Chi (earth) supports and reflects creating a force coming up.  Combined, these 2 forces are controlled by Jin (man) in the middle and manipulated through intent.  Again, a known reference throughout Asian martial arts for creating internal power.

Tenchi Inyo no Kamae

From the elements being united in Ten Ryaku Uchu above, they are then split into opposing forces by Tenchi Inyo – Heaven and Earth, Union of Opposites Posture.  This classic posture of one hand up, one hand down splitting heaven and earth is seen throughout Asian martial culture as a way of codifying Internal Power training.  Although, even without seeing the pose, the name is a dead giveaway!


Hicho no Kamae

“This kamae has the feeling of storing up energy in the entire body, like a bird being wrapped up by a snake.”  Here again is another way of using intent to create unusual stability and power in the body.  The bird opening its wings has a feeling of outward expansion, while the snake coiled around it is compressing.  Combined the 2 opposites unite to create a known method of internal power training.

Hatsumi Hicho


Why Isn’t This Taught?

In many martial traditions, regardless of whether they are Japanese or Chinese, the solo training exercises required to build Internal Power and Aiki are secret and passed down to only 1 or 2 students per generation.  This training was considered secret and very high level thus it was usually reserved for only the successor and maybe 1-2 other senior students.  The rest of the students were taught external forms without the real power training behind the art.

Luckily, this has changed in the past few years and there are now some teachers who are willing to break tradition and teach these things openly.

Who says there are no more secrets left in martial arts???!



Logan Christopher’s The Indestructible Body Review

I have a confession to make…

I’m extremely jealous of Logan Christopher’s latest release, The Indestructible Body.  Considering my personal emphasis on mobility, flexibility, strength training, and injury-proofing for myself and my students (clients), this is the kind of program I would have love to have written!  The good news is that Logan has already done it, and done an outstanding job at putting the whole thing together.

Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts

The Indestructible Body program is divided up into 6 component parts.  It groups areas of the body into the broad categories of Indestructible Elbows, Wrists, and Fingers, Indestructible Feet and Ankles, Indestructible Hips and Knees, Indestructible Shoulders, Indestructible Spine and Neck, and the Indestructible Body Foundations.


There are literally dozens of exercises for rehabbing old injuries and remaining injury free by injury-proofing the body.  When put together, the entire program will create a body-system wide reset that will have you feeling amazing and moving even better!

A Paradigm Shift

It’s time to shift your paradigm from a “normal” one to one of creating an Indestructible Body.  Age or injury (or both!) do not have to lead to weakness, immobility, and infirmity.  That’s simply the belief that most people choose to accept.  Logan does not.  I sure as hell do not.  I believe that we can, and should, spend the requisite time moving, exercising, working our body to create an incredible vehicle that not only carries us from birth to death but perhaps, just perhaps, extends that life a little farther out and sure as hell improves the overall quality of it.  All it takes is a few minutes several times a day, every day, to play, to move, to build a body that lasts.  A body that can DO things.  A body that is not constantly riddled with aches and pains.  A body that bounces back.  A body that becomes Indestructible.

If you are a martial artist, this program is for you!

If you are an athlete, this program is for you!

If you are a weekend warrior, this program is for you!

If you are military, law enforcement, or fire fighter, this program is for you!

If you workout regularly, this program is for you!

If you are a couch potato, this program is for you – you’ll thank me!

If you are a human being who wants an Indestructible Body, then this program is for you!!!



For more information on Logan’s Indestructible Body program, please click HERE <<====


Warriorship in the Modern World

These days it seems like everyone fancies themselves a warrior.  The word has become so overused in our society that the essence of it has become lost.  It seems that anyone engaged in any type of struggle, be it physical or not, has co-opted the word for their own personal bandwagon.

Originally, the word had just one interpretation – one who wages war.  This is a very strict and narrow definition, but probably the most accurate.  In this sense then, a warrior is a professional military or police man who carries a weapon and puts their life on the line day after day to protect our freedom and way of life.  In addition to putting their own lives on the line for us, professional warriors do one other thing that completely separates them from the rest of the population.  They are sometimes required in the course of their role as protectors and defenders to take a life.  This is a great responsibility that weighs on them heavily and one that only they are allowed to bear.  It is one critical distinction that many people who want to play warrior do not consider or perhaps even understand.

 Let’s Extrapolate A Bit…

If we extrapolate this idea of a warrior as professional soldier a little further, we can than begin to look at those who make a lifetime study and practice of the warrior arts.  These are the martial arts which are derived from the ancient warrior traditions of the world.  They come from India, China, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Russia, and others.  These traditions all have one thing in common – they were used hundreds, if not thousands, of years ago in real battle to save someone’s life.  Their wisdom, training methods, and skills were then passed on down the generations to those of us who practice them today.

As for me, I have never been in the military.  But I have spent over 30 years training in the warrior arts of Japan, China, and Russia.  I developed a system of physical training called, Warrior Fitness, based on my experience in the warrior arts.

However, in spite of this, I must state that I believe a true warrior is much, much more than a person striving for physical perfection in the gym – yes, no matter how hard or intense they are training.

More to This Warrior Thing

There is much more to being a warrior than merely struggling for something or training crazy hard in the gym.  A true warrior must have be a protector and defender of life.  This might be my own personal bias, but I believe a warrior has a greater responsibility, one of both self and others.  My perception has been colored, for the better, I think, by my teacher, Jack Hoban, author of The Ethical Warrior Life, and his mentor, Dr. Robert L. Humphrey.

spartan warrior

These 2 men are both true warriors whom I admire greatly.  Jack served as a U.S. Marine Corps officer and is a master level instructor in the Bujinkan martial arts.  Dr. Humphrey was a boxer and Marine Corps officer who survived the battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.  There is much, much more to both of their stories, but for now, we can sum up the essence of what it means to be a warrior like so:

“The Warrior Creed”

Wherever I go,
Everyone is a little bit safer because I am there.
Wherever I am,
Anyone in need has a friend.
When I return home,
Everyone is happy I am there.
It’s a better life! 

-Dr. Robert L. Humphrey

Everyone who calls themselves a warrior believes that they should possess greater strength, greater power, and greater skill; should they not also possess greater compassion for others and a greater sense of responsibility for helping others as well? 

For those who have the strength and the skill, but no accountability, they cannot be called warriors – they are merely thugs.

This Simple Practice RESETS Your Body

Let’s face it.  Some days we just need to hit the RESET button.  Whether due to stress, an accumulation of injuries, fatigue, or illness we need to find a way to RESET the body in order to allow its own natural healing function to take over.

Luckily, there is a very simple process whereby we can RESET ourselves and acquire a deep level of whole body relaxation.  It can be accomplished through the Yiquan training method of Wuji standing, otherwise known as Health Standing.

Wuji translates to “without poles” or “pre-heaven” meaning that yin and yang have not yet been determined.  It is a pure untapped potential and possibility.  It is from this untapped potential that we will begin to form a relaxed, connected body primed for internal power training.

Before we get into the particulars of the exercise, you need to know how to stand. [Read more…]

We Were Once Warriors…

We Were Once Warriors…

For centuries the warrior has been the archetypical model of physical fitness and power.  This is due to the extreme nature of their training and overwhelming odds that they must have had to go through waging war in the ancient world.

The multifaceted development of skills required for the warrior’s brand of life and death combat is second to none.




Warriors needed to be able to carry heavy loads over long distances on uneven terrain, wield heavy weapons while wearing armor, wrestle and engage in other forms of hand-to-hand combat, fight for hours or perhaps even days on end in mud, sweat, and blood, all while continuing to display power, coordination, agility, and speed.  This was not a game with a medal or trophy at stake, but their lives and the lives of their comrades in arms, not to mention the entire village or tribe who were relying on them for protection.  All of this placed immense demands on the warrior physically, mentally, and spiritually.

Today’s Training from Yesterday’s Triumph

The skills we know today as fitness, or strength and conditioning, depending on whether your term is all inclusive or a specific subset, all evolved over time from man’s need and ability to wage war.  In fact, one of the earliest examples of sport in the western world is from ancient Greece; we now call it the Olympics.  These early games were created as a way for warriors to channel their aggressive and competitive natures, while simultaneously allowing them to hone their battle skills, in times of peace.

So we can see from this quick look back in time that originally almost all athletics and sport competitions were based on the martial skills of the warrior and utilized as a way to sustain and practice those skills.

Now, working backward this time, is there a way to reverse engineer a warrior’s training regimen and use it to improve the components of martial skill, conditioning, AND athletic performance?  Absolutely!!

Try This Warrior Workout on for Size

1)  Heavy Sandbag Carry (Zercher carry, bear hug carry, over head carry) – 3 x 300 ft.

2A) Pike Push-ups on Fists – 4 x 10

2B) Mixed Grip Pull-ups (change grip each set) – 4 x SM

2C)  Loaded Airborne Squats (load up with clubbell, Kettlebell, dumbbell, or sandbag) – 4 x 5/5

3)  H2H Touch & Go Kettlebell Swings x 100

If you train in MMA…

NOW go punch, kick, knee, and elbow a heavy bag or have a partner hold focus mitts for 3 rounds x 3-5 minutes each!  How is your performance?

Or, if you’re really daring and want to test your mettle, now is the time to go spar with a completely fresh opponent for 3 rounds of 3-5 minutes!  How has your performance changed?

If you train in Bujinkan or other form of combatives…

Do the same as above but utilizing the basic techniques of your particular style.  For Bujinkan peeps that means try out all the Kihon Happo on a fresh uke!

Build your own Martial Power <<====

Martial Power Cover



Nothing in Isolation!

Funny story..

Yesterday at the gym where I work we got in a brand new triceps machine.  The latest concept is that it has 3 different settings in order to better target (isolate) the 3 individual heads of the triceps muscle.  I shuddered at the the very thought as I looked upon the foul machine with disdain…

Tricep-ExtensionThen someone called me over to look at it and give it a try.  My initial instinct was to run away, but I acquiesced, pretended to be interested, and tried it out.  Well, true to its advertising it certainly isolated the triceps very well.  And, I am extremely happy to report that the whole experience of isolating one muscle group, and now parts of a muscle, is extremely foreign to my body.  I had to stop myself from shivering as I extricated myself from its vile grasp!!

Never Do This!

Just in case you have not received the message, allow me to be very clear here, I do NOT recommend using machines to exercise, EVER!  They restrict your body’s true range of motion to one dimension and completely obviate any need for stabilizer, postural, or core muscles to activate at all.  Combine that with the fact that nothing in martial art, sport, or real life ever happens in isolation or in one dimension and you start to see how dis-integrating your body via machine-based training is a recipe for disaster!  If you prefer to look like a Frankenstein body built out of disparate parts that have zero ability to function as a cohesive unit, then by all means enjoy your machine-based training.  Otherwise, stick with me and you will perform with integrated whole-body strength with fluidity and grace.

How to Actually Train Triceps

Now, let’s assume that you want to actually train your triceps in the right way, as part of an integrated whole that coordinates with, and is supported by, the rest of the body.

So what exercises do I suggest?  Here is a short list…

  • Push-ups (close push-ups, handstand push-ups, one-arm push-ups, pike push-ups, arrow push-ups)
  • Pull-ups (Yes, pull-ups work the triceps – amazing, right?!)
  • Overhead Presses (kettlbell, dumbbell, barbell, sandbag, etc..)
  • Dips (add weight if too easy!)
  • Bridges
  • L-Sit holds

Want to develop your triceps in concert with the rest of the body?  How many of the above exercises do you do on a regular basis?  Get after it!  Get strong – stay strong!!

Join the Warrior’s Inner Sanctum HERE <<====




Why You Must Train Your Grip Strength

I have very few specific memories of my Great Grandfather, who was in his 90’s when he passed away.  One of those memories is how strong and crushing his grip was for such an old man.  I remember shaking his hand and being brought to my knees with a bone-crushing grip as he smiled at me and said hello.  He was a small, wiry old Italian man who was deceptively strong!

One story that my parents have related to me so many times that is has become a “memory” of him happened when I was a newborn baby.  We were living up in rural Connecticut and apparently there was a huge rock, a boulder, planted right smack in the middle of the front yard.  My father was planning to hire some workers to come dig it out, but Great Grandfather wouldn’t hear of it.  One day, while my Dad was at work, he grabbed a shovel and dug the whole thing out himself!

It is said that the strength of the hands determines the strength of the body.  The power and strength of the body is expressed through the hands.

Not Strong Enough…

An oft repeated conversation I have at the gym with some of the heavy lifters is how they must train their grip strength.  Usually the conversation starts with someone asking for a spare pair of straps because the heavier dead-lifts are causing their grip to fail.


They explain to me that they CAN lift more, it’s just that they can’t hold onto the bar.  Whereupon I reply that no they CANNOT lift more until they strengthen their grip.  If your grip is the weak-point in the lift you don’t simply substitute the tensional integrity of your own muscle and connective tissue for a strap.  This doesn’t make you stronger, it makes you weaker.  The only remedy is for you to strengthen your grip!!

Types of Grip Strength


WF UG Cover1

How Far Can You Go?

Mediocrity ain’t in my vocabulary.  It should not be in yours either.  Average is for the weak.  Normal?  Bleh – no thanks.  This ride called life we are all on has but one go around.  No more tickets – you only get 1.  So why not push for outstanding?  Why dare to fulfill all your potential and be great?  Why not see how far you can go?

TS Elliot Quote

Only a small handful of great warrior sages come along every generation.  Why is that?  Is it genetics?  I don’t think so.  Is it the perfect storm of coincidence and circumstance that combine to create these masters?  Probably not.  So why are there so few?  It’s that they, the rare breed, possess the will power, the drive, the inner fire to go farther and climb higher than anyone else around them.





Wang pic


Do you have it in you?  Do you want it badly enough?

The means to be on of the elite is in your grasp.  The information and training is readily available, now more than any other time in history, for anyone with the desire to go out and get it.  The only failure is in your personal motivation and drive to go after it!  There are no real limitations on mastery, martial or otherwise – the only true limits are those you place on yourself!

The sad part is we fight for our own limitations.  We fight to be small, to be weak, to be comfortable, to be less than our God given potential.  We cling to our limits like a child clutching a blanket against the approaching darkness.  As if it can really protect us.  We tell ourselves that we can’t when what we really mean is, ‘it’s hard and I’m afraid of trying because I might fail…’

But we must be strong.

We must endure.

We must overcome.

We must fulfill our mission to completely exhaust all our potential and succeed mightily.

We must be great for no other reason than to see how far we can go.

Why not?  The end is the same for each one of us.  The ride will end all too soon. And it’s much better to burn out than to fade away!

Enter At Your Own Risk… 





Resolving the Tension Paradox for Martial Artists

In order to truly begin our quest for Integrated Strength, we must first resolve the tension paradox between conventional strength training and internal power…

“Don’t use muscle!”

“No power!”


“Move naturally!”

These are oft sung refrains in the hallowed halls of many of the softer traditional and internal martial arts.  Yet, do the instructors of these arts really mean to tell the students not to use muscle?  Considering it’s not possible to move without using muscle, just consult any anatomy textbook, I would venture to say no.  What they really mean is for the student to move with less tension.

Localized muscular tension, the inadvertent firing of muscles unnecessary or not useful to the action being performed, is the culprit that inhibits free, fluid martial movement and prevents the internal martial artist from accessing the deeper levels of relaxation and unified, whole body power.

This tension problem has led many teachers and students of these arts to eschew modern methods of strength training as incompatible at best, and perhaps even harmful, to their system’s way of movement and power generation.

Strength Training

In conventional strength training, you must utilize tension to forge the body into a solid unit.  This general tension helps to prevent injury and also increase strength through the principle of irradiation.  The more tension you are able to recruit, the stronger you are.

“Tension = Force. The tenser your muscles are, the more strength you display. It is that simple.”   – Pavel Tsatsouline, Power to the People

Yet tension and relaxation are both functions of the nervous system.  Martial artists seem to be under the impression that if one trains for muscular strength then that person will only ever be able to move with generalized tension and lack the ability to cultivate the relaxed sensitivity required for higher levels of internal power training.  But that’s far from true.  It’s all about HOW you train.  Since tension and relaxation are both opposite poles on the same spectrum, the body can be taught to utilize both appropriately depending upon the situation.

Warrior Fitness teaches many strategies to remove and alleviate excess tension from the muscles after strength training: compensatory movement, mobility, breathing exercises, vibration training, and more.

Another Disconnect

There’s also a disconnect where proponents of soft martial arts (Bujinkan, Aikido, Systema, etc) and internal power training say that their training is only concerned with connective tissue (tendon, ligament, fascia) and that somehow strength training only works muscle to the neglect of connective tissue.

Here’s my thoughts – muscle IS connective tissue.  Rather than adopt the traditional body-builder belief system of each individual muscle in isolation, instead look at the body as ONE muscle with hundreds of insertion points.  Adopting this belief system allows you to train the body together as one unit (as it was meant to be).

So, rather than classifying resistance training and IP training as separate modalities, perhaps they can be trained together.

How much different is a push test from a back squat anyway?
back squat

Both are putting the body under load.  Both require the load to be spread out across the system (biotensegrity). The main difference is the belief system behind the training.

Muscles do not know the difference between a bodyweight exercise, a barbell exercise, a kettlebell exercise, or a push test.  They only know “on” and “off” – tension and relax.  What you are training is actually your nervous system.  Therefore, ideally you should be able to use intent to turn on and turn off muscle groups depending on what you are trying to do.

This article is really just the beginning of resolving the tension paradox.  So if you have any questions up to this point, let me know now!

Theme for 2015 – Integrated Strength

New Years Day, 2015

Warrior Fitness HQ

Happy New Year, Warriors!

When I first began Warrior Fitness way back in 2008 the goal was simple – utilize my knowledge, training, and experience from several different disciplines under the broad heading of Strength & Conditioning to enhance the performance of martial arts.  I began by creating a unique series of functional training exercises that encompassed mobility, flexibility, strength, conditioning, balance, agility, coordination, and endurance. [Read more…]